Ikshvaku

Ikshvaku (Sanskrit इक्ष्वाकुIkṣvāku; Pali: Okkāka m.) ist im Hinduismus ein mythischer König und Stammvater der Sonnendynastie. Er gilt als erster König von Ayodhya.

Ikshvaku ist der Sohn des Manu Vaivasvata und somit Enkel des Sonnengottes Vivasvat. Von seiner Schwester Ida stammt die mythische Monddynastie ab.

Ikshvaku hatte hundert Söhne und sein ältester Sohn Vikukshi folgte ihm in der Herrschaft über Ayodhya. Dessen bekanntester Nachkomme ist Rama, ein Avatar des Gottes Vishnu.

Nimi, ein anderer Sohn von Ikshvaku, ist der mythische Begründer des Königshauses von Mithila, dem König Janaka angehört. Dieser war der Vater von Ramas Frau Sita. Als Nimi in Abwesenheit des Weisen Vasishtha den Gautama (Rishi) bat, das Somaopfer zu vollziehen, wurde er von Vasishtha verflucht, körperlos zu werden. Nimi verfluchte den Vasishtha ebenfalls und beide verloren ihren Körper. Ein großes Opfer führte dazu, dass Nimi in die Augen aller Wesen einging und dort als Zwinkern weiterlebt.

Nach dem Mahavamsha stammt auch Siddhartha Gautama, der historische Buddha, von Ikshvaku (Okkaka) ab.

Spittelauer Brücke

Die Spittelauer Brücke überquert den Donaukanal in Wien und verbindet die Bezirke Döbling und Brigittenau.

In ihrer Nähe befinden sich die Müllverbrennungsanlage Spittelau, die Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien, das Verkehrsamt, das Technologische Gewerbemuseum und das Brigittenauer Bad.

Die Spittelauer Brücke Geh- und Radweg (Objektnummer 0905 3), die U6-Donaukanalbrücke und die Spittelauer Brücke B 227 (Objektnummer 0905 1) benutzen weitgehend das gleiche Tragwerk, trotzdem werden sie von der MA 29 als drei unterschiedliche Brücken genannt. Im Zuge der Errichtung der U6-Brücke zwischen 1992 und 1995 musste die Abfahrtsrampe, die die Gürtelbrücke an die Brigittenauer Lände (B 227) auf dem Weg zur Nordbrücke anschloss, abgetragen werden, da in diesem Bereich das massive Tunnelportal für die ab hier wieder unterirdisch geführte U-Bahnlinie errichtet wurde. Als neues Anschlussstück wurde 1992 die Spittelauer Brücke B 227 errichtet. Nach der Unterquerung des Stadtbahnbogens zweigt jetzt die neue Abfahrt von der Gürtelbrücke ab und überquert als eigenständige Brücke zwischen der Gürtelbrücke und U6-Donaukanalbrücke den Donaukanal.

Die Pläne für dieses Bauwerk stammen vom Ingenieurbüro Alfred Pauser. Die Bauarbeiten wurden von der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Negrelli/Hofmann & Maculan/Strabag/Ilbau/Philipp Holzmann/Beton- und Monierbau durchgeführt.

Nussdorfer Wehr- und Schleusenanlage | Uferbahnbrücke | Vorortelinie-Donaukanalbrücke | Knoten Nussdorf | Nussdorfer Steg | Nussdorfer Brücke | Heiligenstädter Brücke | Döblinger Steg | Gürtelbrücke | Spittelauer Brücke | U6-Donaukanalbrücke | Spittelauer Steg | Friedensbrücke | Siemens-Nixdorf-Steg | Rossauer Brücke | Augartenbrücke | Salztorbrücke | Marienbrücke | Schwedenbrücke | Aspernbrücke | Donaukanal Rohrbrücke | Franzensbrücke | Verbindungsbahnbrücke | Rotundenbrücke | Erdberger Steg | Stadionbrücke | Erdberger Brücke | Gaswerksteg | Ostbahnbrücke | Kabelsteg | Schrägseilbrücke | Seitenhafenbrücke | Freudenauer Hafenbrücke | Winterhafenbrücke

Koordinaten:

Wilhelm Cornelius Werhahn

Wilhelm Cornelius Werhahn (* 25. Juli 1891 in Neuss; † 29. Januar 1945 in Tröbitz) war ein deutscher Unternehmer.

Der aus der rheinischen Unternehmerfamilie stammende Werhahn wurde 1924 von Wilhelm Werhahn nach Tröbitz geschickt, um dort die Grube Hansa zu leiten. Die Grube Hansa gehörte zu den Senftenberger Kohlewerken ebenso wie das Braunkohlenwerk Meuro, das er ebenfalls leitete. Die Werke waren von der Neusser Firma Wilhelm Werhahn oHG im Jahre 1906 erworben worden.

Tief verwurzelt im katholischen Glauben setzte sich Wilhelm Cornelius Werhahn mit seiner Frau Wilhelma (geb. von Othegraven), die eine Großnichte der Philanthropin Anna Weißebach war und nach seinem Tode als Ordensschwester in das Sacré Cœur eintrat, für den Aufbau eines katholischen Vereinslebens in Tröbitz ein. Hierzu gehörte auch sein Engagement für den Bau der katholischen Kirche St. Michael in Tröbitz. Mit der finanziellen Unterstützung der Firma Wilhelm Werhahn, einem Zuschuss der Diözese und durch Kollekteneinnahmen konnte schließlich im Sommer 1935 der erste Spatenstich erfolgen. Bereits im September 1935 erfolgte die Kirchweih.

Auch die 1908 in Kirchhain errichtete katholische Kirche wurde durch Wilhelm Cornelius Werhahn finanziell unterstützt. Für seine Verdienste wurde Werhahn mit dem päpstlichen Gregoriusorden in der Ordensklasse Ritter ausgezeichnet.

1q21.1 copy number variations

1q21.1 copy number variations (CNVs) are rare aberrations of human chromosome 1.

In a common situation a human cell has one pair of identical chromosomes on chromosome 1. With the 1q21.1 CNVs one chromosome of the pair is not complete because a part of the sequence of the chromosome is missing, or overcomplete, because some parts of the sequence are duplicated. The result is that one chromosome is of normal length and the other one is too long or too short.

The structure of 1q21.1 is complex. The area has a size of approximately 6 Megabase (Mb) (from 141.5 Mb to 147.9 Mb). Within 1q21.1 there are two areas where the CNVs can be found: the proximal area or TAR area (144.1 to 144.5) and the distal area (144.7 to 145.9). A 1q21.1 CNV will commonly be found in one of these areas, but an overlap with the other area or parts that are outside these areas are possible. 1q21.1 has multiple repetitions of the same structure (areas with the same color in the picture have equal structures) Only 25% of the structure is not duplicated. There are several gaps in the sequence. There is no further information available about the DNA-sequence in those areas up till now. The gaps represent approximately 700 Kilobase. New genes are expected in the gaps. The area of 1q21.1 is one of the most difficult parts of the human genome to map.

CNVs occur due to non-allelic homologous recombination mediated by low copy repeats (sequentially similar regions).

Four separate forms of 1q21.1 CNVs are mentioned in literature.

The CNVs lead to a very variable phenotype and the manifestations in individuals are quite variable. Some people who have a CNV can function in a normal way, while others have symptoms of mental retardation and various physical anomalies.

Meiosis is the process of dividing cells in humans. In meiosis, the chromosome pairs splits and a representative of each pair goes to one daughter cell. In this way the number of chromosomes will be halved in each cell, while all the parts on the chromosome (genes) remain, after being randomized. Which information of the parent cell ends up in the daughter cell is purely decided by chance. Besides this random process, there is a second random process. In this second random process the DNA will be scrambled in a way that pieces are omitted (deletion), added (duplication), moved from one place to another (translocation) and inverted (inversion). This is a common process, which leads to about 0,4% variation in the DNA. It explains why even identical twins are not genetically 100% identical.

Problem of the second random process is that genetic mistakes can occur. Especially due to the deletion and duplication process, the chromosomes that come together in a new cell may be shorter or longer. The result of this spontaneous change in the structure of DNA is a so-called copy number variation. Due to the CNV chromosomes of different sizes can be combined in a new cell. If this occurs around conception, the result will be a first cell of a human with a genetic variation. This can be either positive or negative. In positive cases this new human will be capable of a special skill that is assessed positively, for example, in sports or science. In negative cases, you have to deal with a syndrome or a severe disability, as in this case the 1q21.1 CNVs.

Based on the meiotic process, the syndrome may occur in two ways.

Due to this genetic misprint the embryo may experience problems in the development during the first months of pregnancy. Approximately 20 to 40 days after fertilization, something goes wrong in the construction of the body parts and brain, which leads to a chain reaction.

Because of the repetitions in 1q21.1, there is a larger chance on an unequal crossing-over during meiosis.

Genes related to the proximal area are HFE2, TXNIP, POLR3GL, LIX1L, RBM8A, PEX11B, ITGA10, ANKRD35, PIAS3, NUDT17, POLR3C, RNF115, CD160, PDZK1, and GPR89A
Genes related to the distal area are PDE4DIP, HYDIN2, PRKAB2, PDIA3P, FMO5, CHD1L, BCL9, ACP6, GJA5, GJA8, NBPF10, GPR89B, GPR89C, PDZK1P1 and NBPF11.

Brian P. Schmidt

Brian P. Schmidt (født 24. februar 1967 i Missoula, Montana) er en australsk astrofysiker ved Mount Stromlo Observatory i Australia, kjent for sin forskning innen universets ekspansjon med hjelp av supernovaer. I 2011 ble Schmidt tildelt Nobelprisen i fysikk for oppdagelsen av akselerasjonen til det ekspanderende universet gjennom observasjoner av supernovaer. Schmidt delte halvparten av prisen med Adam G. Riess, mens Saul Perlmutter ble tildelt den andre halvparten.

Sammen med Adam Riess ledet Schmidt High-z Supernova Search Team, den ene av de to forskergruppene som i 1998 samtidig oppdaget at universets ekspansjon akselererer. Den oppdagelsen gav opphav til hypotesen om mørk energi og oppdagelsen ble utnevnt til «Breakthrough of the Year» av tidsskriftet Science 1998.

Schmidt ble i 2013 utnevnt til følgesvenn av Australiaordenen.

2001: Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman • 2002: Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi • 2003: Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett • 2004: Gross / Politzer / Wilczek • 2005: Glauber / Hall / Hänsch • 2006: Mather / Smoot • 2007: Fert / Grünberg • 2008: Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa • 2009: Kao / Boyle / Smith • 2010: Geim / Novoselov • 2011: Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt • 2012: Haroche / Wineland • 2013: Englert / Higgs • 2014: Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura • 2015: Kajita / McDonald

· · · ·

Alizé Meurisse

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Si vous disposez d’ouvrages ou d’articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l’article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (, comment ajouter mes sources ?).

Alizé Meurisse est une écrivaine, artiste peintre et photographe française, née le .

Alizé Meurisse a principalement photographié le groupe rock des Babyshambles, mais aussi le groupe de rock français Second Sex pour lequel elle a réalisé le clip de la chanson J’ai couché avec le diable. Artiste peintre, elle a illustré les albums des Babyshambles et Grace/Wasteland, son album solo sorti en 2009. En avril 2010, elle inaugurait sa première exposition de toiles à Paris. Elle a été sélectionnée pour le prix de Flore en 2007 pour son premier roman Pâle Sang bleu. Elle réalise également des dessins pour illustrer les albums de Pete Doherty. Son deuxième roman, Roman à Clefs, est paru début 2010. Son roman Neverdays est sorti en août 2013.

Kneader reactor

A kneader reactor (or kneading reactor) is a machine that specializes in mixing and kneading substances, particularly those with high viscosity. Many industries, such as the Food Industry, utilize machines similar to the Kneader reactor to produce goods. For example, polymers, chewing gum can be produced using these machines. Although the machine has existed for decades, kneader reactors are only recently gaining popularity in the processing industry.

The kneading reactor is a horizontal mixing machine with two Sigma, or Z-type blades. These blades are driven by separate gears at different speeds, one running 1.5 times faster than the other. The reactor has one powerful motor and a speed reducer to drive the two blades. The kneader reactor usually has a W-type barrel with a hydraulic tilt that turns it, and a heating jacket outside.

The kneader reactor uses very high viscosity materials such as chewing gum, dough, toffee, Plasticine, rubber, silicone, adhesive or resin. These materials have a viscosity of approximately 1,000,000 cps. They are mixed with reactants such as liquids, powders or slurries; the reaction mass does not undergo a physical phase change while the reaction takes place.

If a phase change does occur during processing, the conventional technology requires the use of diluents (or dilutants). Diluents are solvents which decrease the viscosity of the reaction mass, enabling mixing in the reactor, and help to control the reaction temperature.

More recently, manufacturers have sought technological solutions that allow synthesis in the concentrated phase, minimizing or eliminating the use of solvents and thus intensifying the process. This „dry“ process is possible in a kneader reactor.

The kneader reactor was developed by Heinz List, a pioneer of modern industrial processing technology. List recognized that processing in the concentrated phase with little to no solvent, also known as „dry processing“, would increase process yield per unit volume and would therefore be more profitable. List developed the reactor to overcome the technical complexities of processing in the concentrated phase.

Kneader reactors offer a number of technological advantages for dry processing:

Kneader reactor technology has long been used for what is known as “Process Intensification”, where multiple processing steps are performed in the same unit. Such units are characterized by high yield per performance volume and also have the flexibility to produce different grades and/or products.

Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence

The House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence (NDDN) is a standing committee of the Canadian House of Commons. Prior to 2007 it was the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans‘ Affairs.

The House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence is a permanent committee established by the Standing Orders, the written rules under which the House of Commons regulates its proceedings. It is mandated to review all matters pertaining to the Department of National Defence (“the department”) and the Canadian Armed Forces. It may examine and report on matters referred to it by the House of Commons or it may undertake studies on its own initiative.

The National Defence Act established the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces – the Canadian Army, the Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Canadian Air Force – as two separate entities operating in close cooperation under the authority of the Minister of National Defence. National Defence Headquarters is a “combined” headquarters consisting of both military and civilian personnel. The Standing Committee on National Defence is responsible for examining legislation, activities, and expenditures of the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, as well as the effectiveness of related policies and programs.

When examining legislation or undertaking a particular study, the Committee may hear from a variety of witnesses including the Minister, relevant departmental and Canadian Armed Forces personnel, academics, subject matter specialists, stakeholders, Ministers and officials from other departments, and members of the public at large.

Order in Council Appointments, whereby individuals are appointed to certain senior posts within the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, are referred to the Committee after they have been tabled in the House of Commons. Within thirty sitting days of this referral, the Committee may choose to examine the qualifications and competence of these appointees in relation to the posts to which they have been appointed. If the committee decides to present a report to the House, the report will ordinarily state that the committee has reviewed the appointment or nomination and whether or not the committee finds the person qualified and competent to perform the duties of the office.

The Committee is also empowered to study and report the following agencies and other independent bodies:

Defence Research and Development Canada* Office of the Chief Military Judge* Communications Security Establishment Canada* Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner* Military Grievances External Review Committee (formerly known as the Canadian Forces Grievance Board)* Military Police Complaints Commission* Office of the Ombudsman for the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces National Search and Rescue Secretariat

For procedural information regarding the mandate and power of committees please consult the relevant section in the Compendium of House of Commons Procedure.

Until 1986, the Standing Committee on External Affairs and National Defence was responsible for examining defence policy. One result of the Canadian parliamentary reforms implemented during the 1980s was the establishment of a separate Standing Committee on National Defence in 1986.

In 1989, Veterans Affairs was added to the mandate of the Committee, and it was renamed the Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans Affairs. However, on April 5, 2006, at the beginning of the 39th Parliament, the House of Commons adopted a motion which amended its Standing Orders to, among other things, divide the areas of responsibility and establish both a Standing Committee on National Defence and a Standing Committee on Veterans Affairs.

Braille pattern dots-345

The Braille pattern dots-345 ( ) is a 6-dot braille cell with the top and middle right and bottom left dots raised, or an 8-dot braille cell with the top and upper-middle right, and lower-middle left dots raised. It is represented by the Unicode code point U+281c, and in Braille ASCII with the greater than sign: >.

In unified international braille, the braille pattern dots-345 is used to represent an unrounded open or near-open front vowel, such as /æ/ or /a/ when multiple letters correspond to these values, and is otherwise assigned as needed.

Related to Braille pattern dots-345 are Braille patterns 3457, 3458, and 34578, which are used in 8-dot braille systems, such as Gardner-Salinas and Luxembourgish Braille.

In the Japanese kantenji braille, the standard 8-dot Braille patterns 567, 1567, 4567, and 14567 are the patterns related to Braille pattern dots-345, since the two additional dots of kantenji patterns 0345, 3457, and 03457 are placed above the base 6-dot cell, instead of below, as in standard 8-dot braille.

This listing includes kantenji using Braille pattern dots-345 for all 6349 kanji found in JIS C 6226-1978.

Каргалы (Восточно-Казахстанская область)

Каргалы (каз. Қарғалы, до 199? г. — Петропавловка) — аул в Кокпектинском районе Восточно-Казахстанской области Казахстана. Входит в состав Бигашского сельского округа. Код КАТО — 635059400.

В 1999 году население аула составляло 229 человек (126 мужчин и 103 женщины). По данным переписи 2009 года, в ауле проживало 110 человек (64 мужчины и 46 женщин).

Ажа • Акой • Аксу • Актас • Бастауши • Белое • Бигаш • Глазуново Даулетбай Добролюбовка Егинбулак • Жалсары • Жанажол • Жумба • Жумыскер Кайнар • Кайынды • Каменка • Карагандыколь • Каракол • Карамойыл • Караткуль • Каргалы Койтас • Кокжайык • Кокжота • Кокжыра • Кокпекты • Комсомол • Кулынжон • Кызылжулдыз • Малая Буконь • Мамай • Мариногорка • Мелитополь • Миролюбовка • Мойылды • Новостройка • Нура • Орнек • Палатцы • Пантелеймоновка • Песчанка • Подгорное • Преображенка • Прохладное Раздольное • Самарское • Самык Сарыбел • Сарычиганак Сулеймен • Талапкер Тассай • Тентек Теректы • Толагай • Узунбулак • Укиликыз • Улкен Бокен • Ульгули-Малши • Ушкумей • Черноярка • Шариптогай • Шугылбай